GNU Make

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Revision as of 11:07, 19 September 2009 by Dank (talk | contribs)

Important Special Targets

.DELETE_ON_ERROR

  • Generally, if make fails to build a target, and the target corresponds to a file, you want that file removed.
    • Why might this happen? Ctrl-c being pressed during a build. Multiple statements in a build recipe. Memory allocation failure during build. Any number of things.
  • By adding .DELETE_ON_ERROR to the Makefile, this becomes the default behavior.
    • kill -9'ing make will prevent this from happening! :/
  • gcc and some other tools will clean up on error, for some cases. Use .DELETE_ON_ERROR to be safe.

.PHONY:

  • GNU Make manual section 4.6, "Phony Targets"
  • clean, all, test targets ought almost always be .PHONY

.DEFAULT:

Make and subversion

  • After running make in a pristine tree, the output of svn status ought be empty. Use svn:ignore properties to ignore your generated files.
    • Most importantly, svn status should not show any entries in the 'M'odified state. This indicates either generated files being checked into source control, or the build process modifying source in-place (the same thing, really)
    • If svn:ignore is properly used, the following rule suffices as a project-independent clean target, assuming the presence of xmlstarlet:
      svn --xml --no-ignore status | xmlstarlet sel -t -m //entry -i "wc-status[@item='ignored']" -v @path -n | xargs rm -rf