# Nuclear weapons: Difference between revisions

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* Energy-mass equivalence - electron-volts - curve of binding energy - energy scales (chemical vs nuclear vs annihilative) | * Energy-mass equivalence - electron-volts - curve of binding energy - energy scales (chemical vs nuclear vs annihilative) | ||

* Pressure - temperature - ideal gases - brownian motion - radiative ablation - ionization - plasmas | * Pressure - temperature - ideal gases - brownian motion - radiative ablation - ionization - plasmas | ||

* The atom - the nucleus - periodic trends - size scales ( | * The atom - the nucleus - periodic trends - size scales (''e'' vs ''p'' vs ''n'' vs α vs large nucleus vs atomic radius vs molecular size) | ||

* Stable and unstable isotopes - half-life / expected time to decay - odd-even mass differences | |||

* Radiations (α, β, γ aka alpha, beta, gamma) - transmutations (there are many!) | |||

* Shell models of the atom and nucleus - Coulomb potentials - Yukawa potentials | * Shell models of the atom and nucleus - Coulomb potentials - Yukawa potentials | ||

* Neutron absorption and scattering - fission probability - pre- and post-scission - Doppler broadening | * Neutron absorption and scattering - fission probability - pre- and post-scission - Doppler broadening | ||

** Neutron effect is a function of (a) incident neutron energy (b) many-body nucleon-nucleon forces and (c) luck | ** Neutron effect is a function of (a) incident neutron energy (b) many-body nucleon-nucleon forces and (c) luck | ||

** Resonance with nucleus activation energies leads to preferring absorption over scattering | ** Resonance with nucleus activation energies leads to preferring absorption over scattering | ||

** An absorption might deform the nucleus sufficiently that a two-body Coulomb | ** An absorption might deform the nucleus sufficiently that a two-body Coulomb repulsion overpowers the binding force | ||

*** This is the probability of fissioning, as opposed to merely emitting a γ. | *** This is the probability of fissioning (W<sub>fis</sub>), as opposed to merely emitting a γ-ray. | ||

** Nucleon-nucleon forces are typically described in per-{isotope X fine structure} terms, ignoring hyperfine details | ** Nucleon-nucleon forces are typically described in per-{isotope X fine structure} terms, ignoring hyperfine details | ||

** Result: for a given isotope, there's a function taking {excitation level X neutron energy} to {first-order fission probability} | ** Result: for a given isotope, there's a function taking {excitation level X neutron energy} to {first-order fission probability} | ||

* Electrodynamics - strong nuclear force - weak nuclear force - quantum tunneling | * Electrodynamics - strong nuclear force - weak nuclear force - quantum tunneling | ||

** Thermal neutrons can't classically cross Coulomb repulsions, but tunneling permits π-induced fission (π = pion, aka any of 3 π-mesons) | ** Thermal neutrons can't classically cross Coulomb repulsions, but tunneling permits π-induced fission (π = pion, aka any of 3 π-mesons) | ||

* Liquid drop model - superdeformation - hyperdeformation - compound nucleus | * Liquid drop model - superdeformation - hyperdeformation - compound nucleus | ||

* Nilsson model - (two-humped) fission barrier - fission isomer | * Nilsson model - (two-humped) fission barrier - fission isomer |