Power Management

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References

linux.com article on hibernate and suspend

Implementations

  • APM (Advanced Power Management): All PM policy/mechanism resides within the BIOS
    • Motivated by, largely relevant only to laptops
    • apmd debian package
    • No longer supported in Vista. Off by default in recent Debian kernels.
  • ACPI: Current, often buggy (but also often easily repairable via BIOS flash or by hand)

CPU Frequency Throttling

  • On Linux, cpufreq-info provides lots of good information:
[recombinator](0) $ cpufreq-info
cpufrequtils 004: cpufreq-info (C) Dominik Brodowski 2004-2006
Report errors and bugs to cpufreq@lists.linux.org.uk, please.
analyzing CPU 0:
  driver: acpi-cpufreq
  CPUs which need to switch frequency at the same time: 0
  hardware limits: 1.60 GHz - 2.39 GHz
  available frequency steps: 2.39 GHz, 1.60 GHz
  available cpufreq governors: ondemand, performance
  current policy: frequency should be within 1.60 GHz and 2.39 GHz.
                  The governor "ondemand" may decide which speed to use
                  within this range.
  current CPU frequency is 1.60 GHz.
  cpufreq stats: 2.39 GHz:27.25%, 1.60 GHz:72.75%  (78631)
analyzing CPU 1:
  driver: acpi-cpufreq
  CPUs which need to switch frequency at the same time: 1
  hardware limits: 1.60 GHz - 2.39 GHz
  available frequency steps: 2.39 GHz, 1.60 GHz
  available cpufreq governors: ondemand, performance
  current policy: frequency should be within 1.60 GHz and 2.39 GHz.
                  The governor "ondemand" may decide which speed to use
                  within this range.
  current CPU frequency is 1.60 GHz.
  cpufreq stats: 2.39 GHz:4.32%, 1.60 GHz:95.68%  (19387)
[recombinator](0) $ 
  • On FreeBSD, sysctls from the dev.cpu and debug.cpufreq MIB hierarchies are your window into frequency control. See cpufreq(4).

Disks/Filesystems

  • noatime -- critical for all kinds of things! FIXME: find and add great Ingo Molnar quote
  • SATA link state management? what is this? seen in powertop output
  • turning up the writeback time / disk head parking / other debatable techniques